How to Prepare for a Job Interview
Do you have a job interview on your schedule? There are a number of steps you can take before (and after) the interview to ensure that you make a terrific impression on your potential employer.
Here’s how to research the job and company, how to practice interview questions and answers, how to dress for the interview, how to follow up after the interview, and more interview preparation tips.
1. Analyze the Job
An important part of interview preparation is to take the time to analyze the job posting, if you have it. As you review the job description, consider what the company is seeking in a candidate.
Make a list of the skills, knowledge, and professional and personal qualities that are required by the employer and are critical for success in the job.
2. Make a Match
Once you have created a list of the qualifications for the job, make a list of your assets and match them to the job requirements.
Create a list of up to 10 of your assets that match the requirements of the job. These might include skills, qualities, certifications, experiences, professional qualifications, abilities, computer skills, and knowledge bases. Review the job requirements, your list of assets, and your examples prior to the interview so that you’re prepared to share them during the interview.
This preparation will help you be ready to answer job-specific interview questions and behavioral interview questions designed to determine if you have the knowledge, skills, and qualities needed to perform the job.
3. Research the Company
Before you go on a job interview, it’s important to find out as much as you can about not only the job, but also the company. Company research is a critical part of interview preparation.
It will help you prepare to answer interview questions about the company and to ask the interviewer questions about the company. Also, spend time tapping into your network to see if you know someone who can help give you an interview edge over the other candidates.
4. Practice Interviewing
Take the time to practice answering interview questions you will probably be asked during a job interview. This will help give you a chance to prepare and practice answers, and will also help calm your nerves because you won’t be scrambling for an answer while you’re in the interview hot seat.
Practice interviewing with a friend or family member ahead of time and it will be much easier when you’re actually in a job interview.
Try to conduct the practice interview in the same format as the real interview. For example, if it is a phone interview, ask a friend to call you to practice answering questions over the phone. If it is a panel interview, ask a couple of friends to pretend to be a panel.
5. Get Your Interview Clothes Ready
Don’t wait until the last minute to make sure your interview clothes are ready. Have an interview outfit ready to wear at all times, so you don’t have to think about what you’re going to wear while you’re scrambling to get ready for a job interview.
Regardless of the type of job you’re interviewing for, that first impression should be a great one. When dressing for an interview for a professional position, dress accordingly in business attire.
6. Decide What to Do With Your Hair
How you style your hair for a job interview is almost as important as the interview clothes you wear. After all, the interviewer is going to notice everything about you, including your interview attire, hairstyle, and makeup, and you only have seconds to make a great impression.
Research hairstyles for short, medium and long hair for inspiration for what to do with your hair when you’re interviewing.
7. What to Bring to a Job Interview
It’s important to know what to bring (and what not to bring) to a job interview. Items to bring include a portfolio with extra copies of your resume, a list of references, a list of questions to ask the interviewer, and something to write with.
It’s also important to know what not to bring, including your cellphone (or at least turn your phone off), a cup of coffee, gum, or anything else beyond yourself and your credentials.
8. Practice Interview Etiquette
Proper interview etiquette is important. Remember to greet the receptionist, your interviewer, and everyone else you meet politely, pleasantly, and enthusiastically.
During the interview, watch your body language; shake hands firmly and make eye contact as you articulate your points. Pay attention, be attentive, and look interested. This is something you can work on in your practice interviews.
There are also specific etiquette tips depending on the type of interview you have, for example, a lunch or dinner interview, a panel interview, a phone interview, or a video interview.
9. Get Directions
It’s important to know where you need to go for your job interview — ahead of time. That way, you’ll avoid running late to the interview. Use Google Maps or another app to get directions if you’re not sure where you are going.
Program your GPS, if you have one, so you can find the best route to the company. Check on parking, if it’s an issue.
If you have the time, it’s a good idea to do a practice run a day or two before the interview. That way, you’ll be sure about where you going and how long it will take to get there. Give yourself a few extra minutes and arrive a little early to the interview.
10. Listen and Ask Questions
During a job interview, listening is just as important as answering questions. If you’re not paying attention, you’re not going to be able to give a good response.
It’s important to listen to the interviewer, pay attention, and take time, if you need it, to compose an appropriate answer. It’s also important to discuss your qualifications in a way that will impress the interviewer.
Also, be ready to engage the interviewer. You want there to be a give and take in the conversation, so you’re building a relationship with the interviewer rather than just providing rote responses to questions. Have questions of your own ready to ask the interviewer.
Towards the end of the interview, let the recruiter know that you believe the job is an excellent fit and that you are highly interested.